The term wine comes from the word Oinos which is used to describe both fermented and unfermented wine.
We need to explore both Physical wine and Spiritual wine as the Bible mentions both in order to understand what the bible teaches.
Fermentation process: Answer Bacteria and fungi are used to change sugar into alcohol or acid and this process is known as Fermentation. Lactic and Citric acid are waste products of certain bacteria and fungi respectively. The alcohols of wine and beer are also made this way. Beer is produced by fermenting germinating cereals , while wine is brewed by fermenting crushed grapes.
Fermentation is the decomposition of the natural sugar found in Grapes. It is a sign of decay and death and altar’s the original pure nature of what ever is being fermented.
Leavin: An agent, such as yeast, that causes batter or dough to rise, especially by fermentation. The bible mentions Leavin (which is used in Fermentation) to be a type of Sin. Christ's power to deliver from sin gives us the power and direction to not drink alcoholic beverages as it would be considered sin.
John 2:4-10 (Jesus turns water into wine)
The book of John is focused around the divine Loving Nature of Christ and records 8 miracles (other than the resurrection of Christ) and all 8 of these miracles can be linked to Christ’s divinity, in this case Christ created wine and that ties to Christ being the True Vine (John 15:1)
· The 6 pots of Stone containing 2-3 Firskins apiece calculates to around 130 gallons of wine (which equals about 655 bottle of wine – with a bottle of wine holding about 5 servings – under today’s standards someone would have approximately 4 glasses of wine for a 3 hour wedding celebration.) Using this breakdown, Christ would of created enough wine for 818 people to drink for four hours after they were drunk - if you were to look at this way) – at the very least, this goes against the Bible teaching of soberness and temperance).
· The Term “Good” used by the Governor of the feast comes from the Greek word kalos – meaning valuable, virtuous, fair, honest and worthy.
So in this case, the use of the word wine really doesn’t make sense as a fermented product, also remember that Fermentation is a process of death and decay yet the Bible teaches us that in Christ we are a new creature (II Corinthians 5:17) and he makes all things new (Revelations 21:5)
Matthew 9:17 (Luke37-39) – new wine into old bottles. This scripture identifies that Jesus sees wine as completed unfermented.
· First it is important to understand that a bottle or a skin cannot hold the wine even if was intended to be fermented as indicated, the bottle or the firkin would bust as there is too much gas and pressure created and released during the fermentation process.
· The reason the wine must be put into new bottles is because the inside of the bottle MUST be clean and free from anything that would cause the wine to ferment. In order to preserve fresh grape juice – YOU HAD to put it into a new bottle to preserve it.
· Verse 39 (Luke) – The old wine Jesus refers to here when he says “for they say the old is better” is spiritual in nature and construes and reiterates the previous point by indicating that you must be born again and have a Clean heart before you can begin to receive or appreciate the new wine of the gospel.
Leviticus 10:8-11 – in the old testament, the priests were not to enter into Gods temple – they were never to enter Gods presence intoxicated.
1st Corinthian 6:19 – in the dispensation of Christ, we are the temple as God dwells in a temple not made with hands (Acts 7:48).
1st Peter 2:9-10 – God has put a difference between the old and the new and between the unholy and holy just as he did in Old testament.
Linking these together - we cannot have Gods presence dwelling in us as the temple of God if we are getting intoxicated as we would be polluting the temple.
Spiritually Speaking, in many cases, the Word of God and the Spirit of God are pictured as wine and we know the word of God is pure (Psalms 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times) or unfermented.
· The Good Samaritan poured in the oil and wine to the one that fell among thieves
· Revelations 6:6 – when the 3rd seal was open, the angel was instructed not the hurt the oil and the wine
· Revelations 14:10 – The wine is the pure word of God being poured out without any defilement and undiluted.
The fermented spiritual wine is also mentioned in Revelations
Revelations 17:2 – here we have those who dwell in Babylon intoxicated on an unpure word of God. A word that has had leaven added unto the whole was leaven.
Revelations 18-1-3 – another symbol of an unpure word that promotes infidelity against Christ – Christ calls us out of that - not too that. (1st Corinthians 10:21 – if Babylon is full of every foul spirit and she is offering an unpure word, then we would be drinking from the cup of devils if we partook of that)
In conclusion, there really is no Bible foundation for drinking wine. And when taken in the correct context it actually becomes very clear that the bible roundly and soundly condemns the use of Alcoholic beverages being consumed for the sake of drinking of alcohol