Church of God, Carmichael, CA

Shadows of Good Things

Or the Gospel in Type

Russell R. Byrum, 1922

[Original Page Numbers]



(Exodus 25—27, 30, 35—38, 40)

The Laver
( Exod. 30 :17 21; 38:8 ) [cont]

truth." (Jas. 1:18). "Being born again . . . by the word of God." (I Peter 1:23).

  Conversion is twofold in its nature. It brings the sinner into right relations with God, and effects right character in the sinner. thus enabling him to keep in right relation with God. We need to be justified or pardoned of our committed sins, and we need also to have power over the power of the indwelling sinful nature so that we can keep justified by living a holy life. Justification would be of little practical value to us without regeneration. This regeneration is variously described as a new birth, becoming a "new creature," receiving a "new heart," and as being "created" anew.

  It may be well described as salvation from the reigning power of the sinful nature. We naturally have a depraved nature that impels to sin. This depraved nature is a derangement of the moral nature. It is a perversion of the affections, and a weakening of the conscience and of the will insomuch that the sinner says, "To will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not." (Rom. 7:18). Now, regeneration is not an entire removal of depravity; for it is the testimony both of the Bible and experience that depravity still remains in some sense in the regenerated. But we know that when one is born again a new power comes into his life that makes him triumphant over the depravity of his nature. Then he can say, "The law [power] of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law [power] of sin and death." (Rom. 8:2).

  The incoming of the Spirit of the Almighty gives power over every sinful desire. "If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new." (2 Cor. 5:17). "We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not." (I John 5:18). "A new heart also will I give you .... And I will ... cause you to walk in my statutes, and you shall keep my judgments, and do them." (Ezek. 36:26, 27).

  Thank God, we are not only pardoned at the altar, Christ, but we are enabled to live well pleasing to God by [37] the laver of regeneration. How beautifully the process of our salvation is foreshadowed in this ancient type! It is a clearer and more systematic presentation of the method of salvation than is given anywhere in the New Testament.

The Sanctuary
( Exod. 26 :1 37; 36: 8 38 )

  The exact dimensions of the tabernacle proper are not given, but it may be readily calculated from the size and number of the boards and the curtains. It was thirty cubits, or forty five feet, long by ten cubits, or fifteen feet, wide and as high as it was wide. It was divided into two rooms by the veil. The first room, or holy place, was twenty cubits, or thirty feet long and the second room or holiest place, was ten cubits, or fifteen feet, long, making t h e latter room a perfect cube.

  Boards and Bars.—The framework was of boards of shittim wood one and one half cubits, or twenty seven inches, wide and ten cubits, or fifteen feet, long. These stood on end, edge to edge, twenty on each side and six at the rear, besides two corner boards. These boards were overlaid with gold inside and outside and set in sockets of silver with two sockets under each board and two tenons on the bottom of each board running down into these two sockets. To hold the boards in position, five bars of shittim wood overlaid with gold were provided for each of the two sides and as many for the rear. Rings were made on each of the boards, and through these four of the bars were passed. The fifth bar, "the middle bar in the midst of the boards, shall reach from end to end"; and "he made the middle bar to shoot through the boards from the one end to the other." It seems to have been mortised through all the boards from edge to edge.

  Typical Significance of the Boards and Bars.—As we have already shown the sanctuary was typical of the church as God's dwelling place, so it is proper to interpret the typical meaning of the various parts in harmony with that of the whole. It is not unreasonable to believe that the individual parts that made up the Mosaic tabernacle were [38] typical of the individual parts that compose the church of the New Testament. "Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular." (1 Cor. 12:27). "But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him." (v. 18). "The church, which is his body." (Eph. 1:22, 23). From these texts as well as from the meaning of the original term for church it is certain that the church is composed of all the truly converted people. Therefore the individual board in the tabernacle typified the individual Christian, as collectively that house typified God's present house, "whose house are we." (Heb. 3:6).

  That this interpretation is correct is evident from various texts that speak very definitely on the subject. "In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: in whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God t h r o u g h the Spirit." (Eph. 2:21, 22). This represents Christians as being "fitly framed together" as were the boards composing God's ancient house. "Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house." (1 Peter 2:5). Here the same idea is set forth although the figure of stones is used instead of boards, probably referring to Solomon's temple.

  That which the bars are said to typify must also be in harmony with the antitype of the tabernacle as a whole and the other parts with which they are related. The detailed description given of these bars and their important function in the tabernacle are both good reasons for our expecting to find something analogous to them in the antitypical sanctuary. What, then, unifies and relates to each other the members of God's spiritual house as the bars held together and solidified in one the boards of that ancient house? Jesus prayed in that notable prayer recorded by John as follows: "Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me." (John 17:20, 21). That the unity of Christians is important enough to be typified in the tabernacle is evident from this fact stated [39] by Jesus that it should be an evidence to the world of his divinity. Also on such an occasion with the gloom of Gethsemane already gathering about him and the horrors of Calvary immediately before him, we can not think of Jesus praying about unimportant things.

  Let us look in Paul's great unity chapter, the fourth of Ephesians, for the unifying agents of God's church typified by the golden bars of the tabernacle. "Endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace." (v. 3). "And he gave some, apostles; and some. prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ." (vs. 11 13). Here we have two kinds of unity, a "unity of the Spirit" of God, and a "unity of the faith." So likewise we have one interior and four exterior bars for the boards of the tabernacle. Probably the number of boards and bars have no typical meaning, but are such as its physical construction required.

  As that golden bar passed through the midst of the boards uniting them together from within, so the Holy Spirit in the hearts of all his people makes them one in a very real sense. The saved in Christ not only have kindred spirits, they not only have common aspirations and desires, but they all have one Spirit, the Spirit of God in them.

  This unity of the Spirit is beautifully set forth by Paul in the twelfth chapter of 1st Corinthians under the figure of the human body as representative of the body of Christ, the church. As the hands, the feet, and every part of the human body cooperate under the direction of the one indwelling and animating human spirit, so the members of the church of Christ, in each of whom his Spirit dwells and moves, all work together in unity and harmony.

  This indwelling of the one Spirit in all the members is the ground of the holy fellowship that normally exists among God's saints, and which is so blessed that even the hardened sinner looking on is convinced that they have [40]


The Purpose of the Church of God is to spread and
establish the Good News  of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Original Page: 37-40
This Web Page: 8
Total Original Pages: 141
The Church of God!
Justification, Sanctification, Unity
Carmichael, California USA

5334 Whitney Ave. Carmichael, CA. 95608
Pastor, Church Telephone (916) 482-7128