Church of God, Carmichael, CA
Or the Gospel in Type
Russell R. Byrum, 1922
[Original Page Numbers]
(Exodus 2527, 30, 3538, 40)
The Brazen Altar
( Exod. 27 :1-8; 38 :1-7) [cont]
offered there. It was the most used and probably the most important instrument of service in the tabernacle.
Its Structure.The brazen altar was constructed of shittim wood overlaid with brass. As these materials were used considerably, it is of interest to give attention to them. This shittim wood is the desert acacia, a hard, close grained wood, very durable, and capable of taking a fine natural polish somewhat as our imported lignum vitae wood. The "brass" used for the altar and other parts of the tabernacle is understood as meaning copper, for we are told brass was not known to them. The altar was made "hollow of boards," without top or bottom. In size it was to be five cubits, or seven and one half feet, in length and width, and four and one half feet, or three cubits, high. It was large enough to receive the largest animal and not too high for the ministering priests. Horns were to be shaped on the four corners. The purpose of these is unknownunless we suppose the sacrifice was to be tied to them, this may be understood from Psa. 118:27: "Bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar."
The altar had a compass and a grate of network of brass in the middle, also a ring in each of its four corners through which was run on either side a stave or bar, also overlaid with brass, as a means of carrying it. Some difference of opinion exists concerning the compass and the grate of brass. At least four different views are held. The most probable view seems to be that the compass was a mere crown or band around the top for ornamentation as on the golden altar, and that the grate was a "hearth" or "fireplace," as it is rendered by the Septuagint, and was hung inside the altar midway between the bottom and the top. This grate was held in position by the rings in the corners, which passed through the corners of the altar to the outside, where the bars passed through them. Thus the grate would serve a valuable purpose; and it being supported by the loose bars, the ashes might have been sifted through by shaking the bars. The grate was thus one and one half cubits from the ground, which was also the height of the altar of incense and the mercy seatprobably  signifying that atonement, mercy, and communion are coordinate, that one can not exist without the other.
Its Meaning.Neither the use nor the symbolic meaning of the altar can be understood apart from the sacrifice offered upon it. On the brazen altar was sprinkled the blood and were burned the bodies of animals as sacrifices to God, for the sins of the offerers. The sprinkling of the warm blood of the dying victim round about on the altar was an important part of the sacrifice, because it was the blood that atoned for the soul. After this the animal was skinned, cut in pieces, and all or part, according to the kind of sacrifice being offered, laid on wood on the altar and burned.
This act of sacrifice was very full of meaning. It was symbolic of vicarious atonement. When the sin burdened Israelite led the trembling lamb to the altar of Jehovah before the holy house, laid his hand upon it signifying that he was now identified with itthat the suffering for his sins was now laid upon itcut its throat with his knife, while the priest hastily caught its blood in a basin and sprinkled it on God's altar, after which its body was prepared and burned there, he must have been forcibly reminded of the awfulness of sin, the holiness of God, and of the great truth of propitiation by another if his sin was to be forgiven.
If the ancient Israelite saw no more than this in his offering of sacrifice it doubtless had a good effect. But the spiritual minded offerer doubtless saw dimly in this faint shadow that most glorious future reality, the Lamb of God suffering for the sins of the world. The altar then with the sacrifice on it typified the glorious atonement of our Lord Jesus Christ. As the blood of that animal was poured out in symbolic atonement, so Jesus' precious blood, or life, was freely and willingly poured out for us. "He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.... The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.... He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers  is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth." (Isa. 53:5 7). "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." (John 1:29). That the brazen altar with its offering typified Christ, the true offering for sin, is clear from many texts in the New Testament, especially in the Hebrew epistle.
The importance of the truth typified by the altar can not be overestimated. For atonement is the only possible means of forgiveness and acceptance by God. That ancient altar stood directly before the entrance to the house of God. It was directly in the line between the gate of the court and the ark of God in the holy of holies, signifying the great truth that we can not come to God except by Christ. "I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, hut by me." (John 14:6). "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." (Acts 4:12).
Neither is this requirement of atonement for pardon of sin an arbitrary requirement on God's part. It was necessary in the very nature of things. Man had sinned against the righteous commandment of a holy God and deserved to suffer its penalty. Moreover, if the penalty was remitted without atonement and the sinner received by God to himself, it could be only at the expense of God's holiness and the dignity of his good law, which men would then be tempted to despise. This could not be. So God sent his Son to suffer in our stead and to make an atonement or propitiation to God by which we might be spared the penalty due our sins.
At Jehovah's altar the stupendous problem of sin is settled. God forgives the sinner, but still remains a God of holinessand yet the God of love. He is holy, and still merciful. "Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; to declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the  justifier of him which believeth in Jesus." (Rom. 3:24 26). Behold the depths both of the goodness and of the holiness of God in the atoning work of Jesus!
Some professed Christians acknowledge no objective or Godward element in the atonement. They claim they see only a manifestation of God's love in Jesus' death, and a consequent moral influence exerted on men to lead them to salvation. We gladly allow all this, but also we see at God's altar exhibited something more than the bloodless religion of Cain that these men teach. There a life is sacrificed that another life may be spared. The wages of sin is death, but the Lamb of God dies instead and the sinner lives. What a glorious thought! What matchless mercy! Eternity will be none too long in which to render to Him the praise and thanksgiving that is due.
Only by way of the altar can a sinful soul draw near to the holy God. Only when washed in the blood of Jesus can we have fellowship with God. Even our very worship is acceptable only after the sin cleansing blood has been sprinkled.
( Exod. 30 :17 21; 38:8 )
The altar was typical of our justification through the atonement of Christ.
God has given us less specific information concerning the laver than of the other articles of furniture in the tabernacle. We are told that it was made of brass (copper), of the brazen mirrors of the women. Here the priests must wash both hands and feet before entering the tabernacle, or ministering at the altar, lest they die. Its shape and size are not given; but probably it was round in shape as was customary of such vessels. It was large enough to contain sufficient water for the washing of the priests, and probably also for the washing of the sacrifices to be burned upon the altar. The laver was located in the court between the brazen altar and the entrance to the tabernacle. It is stated of it, "And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass." This seems to imply that the foot was some- 
(see illustration on next page)
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Carmichael, California USA
5334 Whitney Ave. Carmichael, CA. 95608
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