Church of God, Carmichael, CA

Shadows of Good Things

Or the Gospel in Type

Russell R. Byrum, 1922

[Original Page Numbers]



(Leviticus 23; Numbers 28, 29)

Feast of Trumpets
(Lev. 23:23 25)

  The Feast of Trumpets fell on the first day of the seventh month of the sacred year, which was the first month of the civil year. It came in the latter part of September or early October. The significance of this day is due to its place in the calendar. As related to the civil year it was the beginning of their time. As related to the sacred year it had all the significance of a new moon, and more, it began the seventh or sabbatic month, the most sacred month of all. It was not only the month of the joyful Feast of Tabernacles, but also and especially the month of the great day of atonement, at which time the sabbatic year was ushered in (when slaves went out free, when broken families were reunited, when debts were canceled), and also the year of jubilee (when unfortunates recovered their lost inheritance and when rest and joy were ushered in).

  The opening of such a month deserved special recognition and religious observance. This day was observed by resting from labor, by a holy convocation, and by appropriate sacrifices. But its chief peculiarity was the continual blowing of trumpets from morning until evening.

  This announcement that at last had come the glorious month of atonement with all its benefits was a beautiful symbol of the preaching of the gospel. When the priests [113] blew the two silver trumpets over the burnt offerings for atonement at God's altar, and their joyful sound reverberated over the hills and valleys of the land of Israel, the same great truths in type were proclaimed that are now set forth in the preaching of the glad tidings of salvation through the perfected atonement of Christ. The blowing of these silver trumpets on this occasion foreshadowed practically the same glorious truth as did the tinkling of the golden bells on the border of Aaron's garment when acting as Israel's mediator with God.

  It was to be a "memorial of blowing of trumpets." A memorial is a reminder of an event past or present. This was the announcement of the grand truth that the time of atonement and salvation had come. It was a time of rejoicing because of the proclamation of a blessed truth. And as those ministers of God of that ancient system of types and shadows blew those literal trumpets, so God would have his ministers today sound out to all the glorious gospel trumpet, the good tidings of salvation to men.

  "Blow the gospel trumpet, brother, over land and sea,
Sound the news to all creation, 'Christ will set you free,
Free and happy every moment, though by Satan bound,
He is able, do not doubt him, let his grace abound."'

Day of Atonement
(Lev. 16; 23:26-32)

  The Day of Atonement was in its typical significance probably most important of all the sacred seasons of the Mosaic law. Its services and offerings are frequently referred to in the Epistles to the Hebrews, especially in the ninth and tenth chapters.

  It was observed in the seventh month, called Tisri, on the tenth day, which would usually correspond with an early date in what is now our October. It was kept as a day of rest from work, as a holy convocation, and as a time to afflict their souls. This afflicting their souls is not specifically stated to be by fasting, but such was [114] the usual method of showing contrition, as did the Ninevites and as is intimated in Isa. 98 :3, 5. It is certain from Acts 27 :9, "The fast was now already past," that this was a day of fasting at a later period. It was a day of national humiliation when the sense of sin was to be deepened to its utmost intensity in the mind of the Israelites, and especially when the idea of atonement by sacrifice for sin was to be set forth in its highest expression by the elaborate ritual then observed. This atonement was to be, not for particular sins that had been unatoned for, but especially for sins generally, which were remembered again each year, even though they had been atoned for the year before or by special offerings (Heb. 10 :3).

  The high priest alone was to perform almost all the services of the day. According to later Jewish writers he was also to offer the regular daily burnt offering, not only on this day, but for the week preceding. During that whole week, according to Edersheim, he, in preparation for the coming event, was to eat but little, and none on atonement day, and was to spend the night preceding that day without sleep in hearing or expounding the Scriptures. He was to lay aside his beautiful garments and clothe himself in plain white linen, for the entrance into the holiest place on this occasion. He was to bathe himself with water or wash his hands and feet frequently during the solemn services of the day.

  So our great High Priest humbled himself as a servant and became a "man of sorrows." He accomplished the great work of atonement alone. His disciples slept while he agonized in Gethsemane. None stood by to comfort him while he died on the cross. The services of the day were without doubt typical of Christ's atonement for us.

  But the important feature of the day was the elaborate ritual. The animals to be offered were a bullock for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering for Aaron, also two kids of the goats from the whole congregation for a sin offering and also a ram for a burnt offering [115] for them. The ritual of these offerings was that which belonged to offerings of these classes except in the application of the blood and concerning the scapegoat which was wholly irregular.

  The order of the rites was somewhat as follows: (1) Aaron bathed himself and put on the holy linen garments in the holy place. (2) He cast lots on the two goats to determine which was to die and which was to become the scapegoat. (3) He killed the bullock. (4) He took a censer full of live coals and his hands full of incense into the holiest place and burned the incense upon the fire in the censer, making a cloud of smoke over the ark and filling the room with a sweet odor. (5) He went back to the brazen altar and took a vessel containing the blood of the bullock and returned to the holiest place, where he sprinkled the blood seven times on the east side of the mercy seat and seven times on the ground before the ark to make atonement for himself as priest. (6) He killed for a sin offering for the congregation the one of the two goats that was chosen for the Lord, and sprinkled its blood as he had that of the bullock on and before the mercy seat, to atone for the people. (7) He made an atonement for the holy place (which here evidently means the holiest place), and for the tabernacle or first room, probably by sprinkling blood in each. (8) He made atonement for the brazen altar by putting of the blood of each animal on its horns and by sprinkling of the blood upon it seven times. (9) He laid both his hands upon the second goat, the "scapegoat" as our version translates this difficult word, and confessed the sins of himself and of the people, "putting them upon the head of the goat," after which the goat was sent by a fit or responsible man into the wilderness where no one dwelt. (10) He went into the holy place, removed the linen clothing, bathed himself in water, and put on again the golden garments. (11) He offered the two rams for burnt offerings for himself and the people, burned the fat of the sin offerings on the altar, and had some one carry the remainder of them outside the camp and burn it. [116]


The Purpose of the Church of God is to spread and
establish the Good News  of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Original Page: 113-116
This Web Page: 30
Total Original Pages: 141
The Church of God!
Justification, Sanctification, Unity
Carmichael, California USA

5334 Whitney Ave. Carmichael, CA. 95608
Pastor, Church Telephone (916) 482-7128