Church of God, Carmichael, CA

Shadows of Good Things

Or the Gospel in Type

Russell R. Byrum, 1922

[Original Page Numbers]



(Leviticus 1—7)

living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed" (Rom. 12:1, 2). In other words, these to whom God had so graciously extended pardon of sin through Christ, should now devote themselves and their service to God by refraining from worldliness and by living according to the will of God.

  And the details of the meat offering are also easily shown to be in perfect accordance with this view of its typical significance. Besides the analogy already shown between the food and the offerer himself, the oil poured over and mingled with it was symbolic. We have already shown that oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit. Therefore that oil is evidently typical of the working and regenerating power of the Spirit, by whom we become acceptable to God in our consecration. The apostle Paul beautifully expresses this thought as follows: "That the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost" (Rom. 15:16).

  Also to be an acceptable meat offering to God we must be free from the leaven of sin—hypocrisy and wickedness, and the pride that puffs up. As certainly as no leaven was permissible in the meat offering, so also it is not permissible in the hearts or lives of believers notwithstanding the not uncommon teaching that all Christians sin more or less every day (1 John 3 :8 10). Not only must God's people be free from the leaven of corruption, but must also have the salt of incorruption in them, or the keeping power of God indwelling. "Have salt in yourselves" (Mark 9 :50). "Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt" (Col. 4 :6). "Ye are the salt of the earth" (Matt. 5 :13). The frankincense of this offering, like that on the loaves of shewbread, was all God's. Its sweet fragrance represents the pleasure God has in those who are dedicated fully to his blessed service.

  Before passing from our consideration of the meat offering, notice again that it was a proper complement of the atonement offering that preceded it. Too often [91] in our modern religious life this idea of devotion of ourselves and service to God is not properly taught and practiced. Not only must we be pardoned of past sins, but we must keep ourselves from sinning again else past pardon becomes ineffectual. And not only must we avoid doing evil, but, as dedication implies, we should do positive good. While we trust in the atoning sacrifice of Christ, let us not forget the meat offering—the giving of ourselves to God. Let us keep out the leaven of sin, and have in us the keeping salt of divine power that we may be an offering well pleasing to God.

The Peace Offering
(Lev. 3; 7:11-21, 28-34)

  The name suggests the nature of this offering. In Scripture, peace means not mere tranquility or absence of hostilities or disturbance, but joy, happiness, prosperity, welfare, or blessing. This then was the joy offering. It was sometimes in connection with a vow, and sometimes a voluntary offering, but always a time of rejoicing.

  The religion of Jehovah has ever been a religion of joy for his devout worshipers. Heathen religions contain much fear and sadness. Some well meaning but misinformed professors of Christianity have tried to bind upon Christians such fear and burdens, including penance in many forms, asceticism, and other such things; but the gospel announces to us the unspeakably glad news that Jesus bore all that for us and we may now have "all joy and peace in believing." God intends religion to be a source of gladness, not of gloom. Again and again the apostle Paul exhorts those to whom he writes to rejoice, "and again I say rejoice." And though, like Paul we have sorrow, we should in the midst of it be always rejoicing.

  Materials Used.—The peace offering was a bloody offering and of the sweet savor class. It might be taken from the herd, the sheep, or the goats, as was the burnt offering, but unlike it, the peace offering might be not [92] only a male but a female. Yet it must be without blemish, for it is a type of Christ. If it was of the thank offering variety of peace offerings, then with the animal were brought also "unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, of fine flour, fried." Also leavened bread was brought.

  How Offered.—The animal was brought "before the Lord" to the altar where the offerer, as in the burnt offering, laid his hand upon it to identify himself with it, killed it, and the priest sprinkled its blood over the altar. Then certain portions were taken for the Lord to be burned upon the altar. They were all the fat of the inwards, or the suet (and in the case of a sheep the rump or broad, fat tail, which is common to the Syrian sheep, and which often weighs fifteen pounds or more), the two kidneys, and the caul above the liver (what is meant by the "caul" so often mentioned in this connection is a matter of much uncertainty among students of the subject). These, the richest parts of the animal, were burned on God's altar, with the blood containing the life. which had been sprinkled there. Why the two kidneys should have been especially offered to God in this and the sinoffering is not clear. Some modern writers have supposed the ancient Hebrews located the seat of intelligence there, as the Chinese locate it in the stomach, and as we locate it in the head.

  After these were burned, the breast was brought for a wave offering. This was offered by waving it first backward and forward and then from right to left, or toward the four corners of the heavens, according to Jewish writers. Then it was given to the priests to eat. Next the right shoulder or leg was brought for a heave offering, which was offered by raising it up and down in dedication to God. Then it was given, to be eaten by him, to the particular priest who sprinkled the blood and burned the parts for the Lord. With this was also heaved and given to the officiating priest one of the leavened loaves. This leavened bread in no case was burned upon the altar. [93]

  What remained of the animal was to furnish a feast for the offerer, his family, friends, and any Levites he might invite. They also ate the vegetable part of the offering. The flesh of the animal was to be eaten on the day offered if a thank offering, and if another kind not later than the second day. What was not then eaten must be burned.

  What It Typified.—According to all our records of the peace offering, it always followed the sin , burnt , and meat offerings. What they effected was assumed as accomplished before this one was offered. The spiritual import of this feast is evident at once. It was a communion feast. In it God, the priest, and the offerer had a portion, which typifies the communion together of God, Christ, and the believer. Much the same thought is presented here as in the eating of the shewbread in the holy place and the burning of its frankincense on the golden altar, and the Christian's Lord's Supper, except that in this another member, Christ, partakes of it besides the offerer and God. Through Christ's atonement, not only do we commune in most intimate friendship with God, but also Christ 'sees of the travail of his soul and is satisfied,' and enters with us into this blessed communion.

  In the sprinkling of the blood of the peace offering the idea was not expiation, as in the sin offering, nor acceptance, as in the burnt offering, which had already been offered, but rather that communion with God could be only through Christ's blood. The peace offering coming after the meat offering signified the other great truth that only those can have communion with God who have dedicated themselves to him. Christian, do not miss the point. If your soul longs for a closer walk with God, if you hunger for more of his love and Spirit, look to see if you are giving him first place in your heart and life. Consecration is the basis of communion. Do not try to put the peace offering before the meat offering.

  The peace offerings were praise and thank offerings. God seems to come nearest us when we give him our thank offerings. As human beings we feel especially [94]


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The Church of God!
Justification, Sanctification, Unity
Carmichael, California USA

5334 Whitney Ave. Carmichael, CA. 95608
Pastor, Church Telephone (916) 482-7128